What is a muselet ?
When Dom Pérignon discovered the way to make the wine of Champagne
sparkle, the bottles were corked with pieces of wood with oil-sponged
cloth, and then plunged in wax. They discovered very quickly that it
was not sufficient to sustain the pressure of the wine and avoid the
bottles to leak. They then had the idea of using corks with cords to
block for them to resists the natural pressure if the gas.
For more safety, certain traders supplemented this tying up with one
or two twisted wire of iron, the installation of the wire being done
using a grip shears. But this metal fixing presented difficulties to
emerge the bottles, and it was necessary to use a special grip, or a
small hook to cut the wire.
To facilitate the clearing of the bottles without needing for a grip
or a hook, and especially without being wounded, one had then the idea
to make a small ring on the wire be tied up. This small ring was sometimes
provided with a lead pastille on which was engraved word " CHAMPAGNE
" or the name of the trader. But the installation of these strings and
iron wire was long and painful. One thus undertook to improve the wire
to be tied up by performing it.
The muselet is now old 153 years. Invented by Adolphe Jacqueson in 1844,
it celebrated in 1994 its 150 years with Epernay, the capital of Champagne.
Technology with the service of the marketing?
From now on, out of Champagne, the muselets are used as weapons marketing.
Indeed, the traders have personalized for a few years their muselets.
Driven by fashion, the majority of the marks have from now on their
clean muselets. The muselet thus passed to the posterity of simple technical
tools to a collector item.
| The texts and photographs
are gracefully provided by Valentin